Livres numériques gratuits et libres de droits: Henri Bergson (1859-1941) L'Énergie spirituelle (Philosophie) Paris: Félix Alcan, 1896. After the fall of France in 1940, Jews in occupied France were required to register at police stations. Publié d’abord comme article en 1903, dans la Revue de métaphysique et de morale sous le titre Introduction à la métaphysique, cet essai peut être lu comme une préface à l’étude des principaux livres de Bergson. [50] Bergson responded that Kant, along with many other philosophers, had confused time with its spatial representation. The integrative evolutionism of Sri Aurobindo, an Indian philosopher from the early 20th century, has many similarities to Bergson's philosophy. An illness prevented his visiting Germany from attending the Third Congress held at Heidelberg. Bergson was born in the Rue Lamartine in Paris, not far from the Palais Garnier (the old Paris opera house) in 1859. This is especially obvious in Matter and Memory, where he showed a thorough acquaintance with the extensive pathological investigations which had been carried out during the period. In February, at Columbia University, he lectured both in French and English, taking as his subjects: Spirituality and Freedom and The Method of Philosophy. Pierre Imbart de la Tour remarked that Creative Evolution was a milestone of new direction in thought. "Intuition: Its nature and uses in human experience." Before he was nine, his parents settled in France, Henri becoming a naturalized French citizen. Rosetta Books. iii-280pp. Henri-Louis Bergson (French: [bɛʁksɔn]; 18 October 1859 – 4 January 1941) was a French philosopher of Jewish descent[6][7][8][9][10] who was influential in the tradition of continental philosophy, especially during the first half of the 20th century until the Second World War. Henri Bergson naît à Paris en 1859. Some writers, taking merely these dates into consideration and overlooking the fact that James's investigations had been proceeding since 1870 (registered from time to time by various articles which culminated in "The Principles"), have mistakenly dated Bergson's ideas as earlier than James's. [24] Although Bergson had previously endorsed Lamarckism and its theory of the heritability of acquired characteristics, he came to prefer Darwin's hypothesis of gradual variations, which were more compatible with his continual vision of life.[24]. 58e édition. Merquior, J. G. (1987). Bergson's sister, Mina Bergson (also known as Moina Mathers), married the English occult author Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers, a founder of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, and the couple later relocated to Paris as well. 15,00 € Le possible et le réel Henri Bergson. Gide even went so far as to say that future historians will overestimate Bergson's influence on art and philosophy just because he was the self-appointed spokesman for "the spirit of the age". Motilal Banarsidass publishers 2000. L’Évolution créatrice: L’Évolution créatrice est un ouvrage philosophique rédigé par Henri Bergson en 1907. The method of intuition, then, is that of getting back to the things themselves. La Pensée et le Mouvant, Introduction à la métaphysique.) [24] He was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1928.[40]. Routledge, Jan 2012. The course of lectures planned for the autumn months had to be abandoned because of the outbreak of war. While at the lycée Bergson won a prize for his scientific work and another, in 1877 when he was eighteen, for the solution of a mathematical problem. Retrouvez les oeuvres complètes de Henri Bergson dans une nouvelle édition enrichie de plus de 500 notes explicatives, d'introductions et d'annexes. ECRITS PHILOSOPHIQUES d'Henri Bergson. Nalini Kanta Brahma. Texte intégral révisé suivi d'une biographie d'Henri Bergson. ... Chaque livre de Bergson représente en effet un tout autonome à lire selon ses problèmes et ses exigences propres. PUF, "Quadrige Manuels", 208 p., 13 €. James, however, encouraged and assisted Arthur Mitchell in preparing an English translation of Creative Evolution. Bergson delivered the first course, consisting of eleven lectures, under the title of The Problem of Personality, at the University of Edinburgh in the spring of that year. [82] As Sinclair goes on to explain, over series of publications including Bergsonism (1966) and Difference and Repetition (1968), Deleuze championed Bergson as a thinker of "difference that proceeds any sense of negation"[83] In this way, "Deleuze’s interpretation served to keep the flame of Bergson’s philosophy alive and it has been a key motivation for the renewed scholarly attention to it. Henri Bergson - Le rire, livre audio gratuit enregistré par Christiane-Jehanne pour - fichier(s) MP3 de 04h Ce site Web utilise des cookies Pour assurer une meilleure expérience à ses utilisateurs, réaliser des statistiques de visites, offrir des fonctionnalités relatives aux médias sociaux, proposer des publicités ciblées. [11] Bergson is known for his arguments on processes of immediate experience and intuition are more significant than abstract rationalism and science for understanding reality. [55], In Laughter: An Essay on the Meaning of the Comic, Bergson develops a theory not of laughter itself but of how laughter can be provoked (see his objection to Delage, published in the 23rd edition of the essay). Ses parents d’origine juive s’installent rapidement à Londres, où il vécut jusqu’à neuf ans, avant de rentrer en France. )[20] Henri and Louise Bergson had a daughter, Jeanne, born deaf in 1896. The lecture before the Society for Psychical Research is included, as is also the one given in France, L'Âme et le Corps, which contains the substance of the four London lectures on the Soul. In the war, Bergson saw the conflict of Mind and Matter, or rather of Life and Mechanism; and thus he shows us the central idea of his own philosophy in action. Suzanne Guerlac has argued that the more recent resurgence of scholarly interest in Bergson is related to the growing influence of his follower Deleuze within continental philosophy: "If there is a return to Bergson today, then, it is largely due to Gilles Deleuze whose own work has etched the contours of the New Bergson. Pierre Imbart de La Tour affirme qu'un « livre comme LÉvolution créatrice … Voici quelques présentations des livres publiés par l’écrivain … Livres Recherche détaillée Meilleures ventes Nouveautés Romans et polars BD Enfants et ados Scolaire et études Santé et bien-être Loisirs et culture Livres en VO Le livre autrement 1-16 sur plus de 1 000 résultats pour "Henri Bergson" Bergson did a large amount of traveling and lecturing in America during the war. [51] In reality, Bergson argued, Duration is unextended yet heterogeneous, and so its parts cannot be juxtaposed as a succession of distinct parts, with one causing the other. His speeches offered new Perspectives and elucidated many passages in his three major works: Time and Free Will, Matter and Memory, and Creative Evolution. [38]) It was not published in the 1951 Edition du Centenaire in French, which contained all of his other works, and was only published later in a work gathering different essays, titled Mélanges. ), Bergson settled again in Paris in 1888,[25] and after teaching for some months at the municipal college, known as the College Rollin, he received an appointment at the Lycée Henri-Quatre, where he remained for eight years. Sélectionnez la section dans laquelle vous souhaitez faire votre recherche. "[41] Though wishing to convert to Catholicism, as stated in his will, he did not convert in view of the travails inflicted on the Jewish people by the rise of Nazism and anti-Semitism in Europe in the 1930s; he did not want to appear to want to leave the persecuted. In 1913 Bergson visited the United States of America at the invitation of Columbia University, New York, and lectured in several American cities, where very large audiences welcomed him. In France movements such as neo-Catholicism and Modernism on the one hand and syndicalism on the other endeavoured to absorb and appropriate for their own ends some central ideas of his teaching. The work was published in the same year by Félix Alcan. They explain that Bergson's concept of multiplicity "is at the very heart of Deleuze's thought, and duration is the model for all of Deleuze's 'becomings.' In 1896 he published his second major work, entitled Matter and Memory. Longmans, Green and Company, 1917. [47], The Creative Evolution in particular attempted to think through the continuous creation of life, and explicitly pitted itself against Herbert Spencer's evolutionary philosophy. Press, 1964. BERGSON Henri, 1859-1941. Nous présentons ici une introduction à la lecture des Deux Sources de la morale et de la religion d’Henri Bergson, publié en 1932. He also gave courses in Clermont-Ferrand on the Pre-Socratics, in particular on Heraclitus. Indeed, one could always explain a historical event retrospectively by its conditions of possibility. Thus Bergson's philosophy—in principle open and nonsystematic—was easily borrowed piecemeal and altered by enthusiastic admirers". Gilbert, Martin. Bergson regarded planning beforehand for the future as impossible, since time itself unravels unforeseen possibilities. Javascript doit être activé dans votre navigateur pour utiliser toutes les fonctionnalités de ce site. As many of Bergson's contributions to French periodicals remained relatively inaccessible, he had them published in two volumes. [48], Bergson's Lebensphilosophie (philosophy of life) can be seen as a response to the mechanistic philosophies of his time,[49] but also to the failure of finalism. Those who explicitly criticized Bergson, either in published articles or in letters, included Bertrand Russell[66] George Santayana,[67] G. E. Moore, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Martin Heidegger,[68] Julien Benda,[69] T. S. Eliot, Wyndham Lewis,[70] Wallace Stevens,[71] Paul Valéry, André Gide, Jean Piaget,[72] Marxist philosophers Theodor W. Adorno,[73] Lucio Colletti,[74] Jean-Paul Sartre,[75] and Georges Politzer,[76] as well as Maurice Blanchot,[77] American philosophers such as Irving Babbitt, Arthur Lovejoy, Josiah Royce, The New Realists (Ralph B. Perry, E. B. Holt, and William Pepperell Montague), The Critical Realists (Durant Drake, Roy W. Sellars, C. A. The Bereksohns were a famous Jewish entrepreneurial family[17] of Polish descent. In it, he expressed sympathetic appreciation of James's work, together with certain important reservations. The public attended his open courses in large numbers.[14]. In May 1911 Bergson gave two lectures entitled The Perception of Change (La perception du changement) at the University of Oxford. Surtout connu pour ses ouvrages Matière et mémoire et L'Évolution créatrice, son ouvre est étudiée dans différentes disciplines (cinéma, littérature, neuro-psychologie, etc). Page 20. PHI Learning Private Ltd 2008. 22 pp. [39], While living with his wife and daughter in a modest house in a quiet street near the Porte d'Auteuil in Paris, Bergson won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1927 for having written The Creative Evolution. [23] It was his first published work. Intelligence, for Bergson, is a practical faculty rather than a pure speculative faculty, a product of evolution used by man to survive. [32] The Second World War: A Complete History (p. 129). While Kant saw free will as something beyond time and space and therefore ultimately a matter of faith, Bergson attempted to redefine the modern conceptions of time, space, and causality in his concept of Duration, making room for a tangible marriage of free will with causality. If metaphysics is to avoid "false problems", it should not extend the abstract concepts of intelligence to pure speculation, but rather use intuition. The Vatican accused Bergson of pantheism, while others have characterized his philosophy as a materialist emergentism – Samuel Alexander and C. Lloyd Morgan explicitly claimed Bergson as their forebear. [59] However, Bertrand Russell, Whitehead's collaborator on Principia Mathematica, was not so entranced by Bergson's philosophy. To no other philosopher has it fallen, during his lifetime, to have his philosophical principles so vividly and so terribly tested.[citation?]. Henri Bergson (18 octobre 1859 à Paris - 4 janvier 1941) est un philosophe et un diplomate français. Bergson hence argues that one can grasp it only through his method of intuition. Strong, and A. K. Rogers), Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, Roger Fry (see his letters), Julian Huxley (in Evolution: The Modern Synthesis) and Virginia Woolf (for the latter, see Ann Banfield, The Phantom Table).