Log In. 09 Mar 2014 - Redazione . This made each regiment of a mountain division relatively self-supporting and capable of independent action.[3]. L’ESERCITO NAZIONALE REPUBBLICANO DEL 1944. Second line units frequently made use of captured equipment such as Lebel Model 1886 rifles and, for colonial troops, Schwarzlose MG M.07/12s and Steyr-Mannlicher M1895 rifles, provided by Austria as war reparations after World War I. Mussolini's Under-Secretary for War Production, Carlo Favagrossa, had estimated that Italy could not possibly be prepared for a war until at least October 1942. The Chief of the Army General Staff in Rome, a four star general, commands the entire Italian Army. It is headed by the Deputy Chief of the Army General Staff. Qui troverete un articolo sulle novanta bombe atomiche che si trovano attualmente sul nostro territorio. l’Italia è il laboratorio di guerra della NATO & USA. Again, in practice, few units had the full complement of motor vehicles. This army was called the Italian National Republican Army (Esercito Nazionale Repubblicano, or ENR). GreenItaly 2020 – Focus Lombardia. The typical infantry regiment was composed of three rifle battalions. With King Victor Emmanuel III and Marshal Pietro Badoglio in command, the Royal Army entered the war on the side of the Allies. Italian tanks typically suffered from poor main armaments and thin, bolted-on armour. [5], The "Maletti Group" (Raggruppamento Maletti) was an ad hoc unit composed of Libyan troops transported in trucks and was commanded by the unit's namesake, General Pietro Maletti. Video realizzato dall' insegnante Paola Poppi della scuola Primaria "G:Lodi" - Istituto Comprensivo Crevalcore (BO) The Italian Royal Army remained comparatively weak in armaments. The COMFOP Sud also controls six administrative Army Military Commands tasked with public duties, recruitment, administration of the reserves, public information, and promotional activities. The Italian Royal Army fought this battle in a way that can be summarized by the sacrifice of the Division Folgore: the historian Renzo De Felice wrote that "...of the 5.000 "Folgore" paratroopers sent to Africa 4 months before, the survived were only 32 officers and 262 soldiers, most of them wounded. The Army Military Command "Trentino-Alto Adige" covering the Trentino-Alto Adige/SouthTyrol region is an integral part of COMALP: The Northern Operational Forces Command (Italian: Comando Forze Operative Nord, abbreviation: COMFOP Nord) commands the brigades in the North of Italy. In addition to the field pieces, there was a mechanized troop of eight 20 mm anti-aircraft guns. The Italian Army of World War II was a "Royal" army. King Victor Emmanuel III remained Head of State and Commander-in-Chief of the Italian Royal Armed Forces. The Royal Army even started to receive better and more modern armaments from the Italian industry, after the pressures from Mussolini to activate to the maximum the Italian "war machine". The artillery regiment sometimes included a battery of German 88 mm guns. The division was the basic formation of the Italian Royal Army. Most important of all, the Italian generals were trained to the trench warfare of World War I and were not prepared at all for the new style of mechanized war based on the German "lightning war" model (blitzkrieg). In addition, there were estimated to be the equivalent of about nine divisions of frontier guard troops. Indeed in the first six months of war Italy obtained only minor conquests, as Mussolini mistakenly waited for a quick end of the war. Duis leo. [2] Much Italian artillery was obsolete and far too reliant on horse transport. The most distinguished Italian divisions during the war, and those which saw most combat action, were (in parenthesis their main theaters of operation[10]) : The Royal Army had its own set of ranks for all active service personnel. In spite of the upgrade, these divisions were still not fully motorized. The mountain divisions differed from a standard infantry division in that each regiment had its own artillery, engineering, and ancillary services associated with the regiment on a permanent basis. Data Created: Monday, August 28, 2017. Fondazione. Each medical battalion fields one command and logistic support company, one medical company with a field hospital, and one medical evacuations company. The artillery regiment was split between the two infantry regiments. The command is headquartered in Bolzano. Cookies store user preferences and other information that helps us improve our website. By design, an armoured division included one tank regiment, one artillery regiment, one highly-mobile infantry (Bersaglieri) regiment, a divisional support and a mixed engineer company. After a reorganization in 1938, Italian infantry division was known as "binary" division (divisione binaria). In 1942, the motor-transportable divisions in North Africa were upgraded to become "North African" type motorised divisions. The article provides an overview of the entire chain of command and organization of the Italian Army after the reform of 1 October 2016 and includes all active units as of 1 July 2019. A typical Libyan division fielded 7,400 men (including 900 Italians). This was the last military expansion of Italy. 02/12/2019. ABOUT. Once sufficient numbers of the M13/40 tanks and its upgrades were available, Italian armored divisions began to possess some offensive capability. Ranks of the Royal Army during the Second World War, Enlisted personnel, non-commissioned officers and warrant officers, Articles with Italian-language external links, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Military units and formations of Italy in World War II, Italian industry was relatively weak compared to other major powers in Europe, Military history of Italy during World War II, the triple occupation of Italy, Germany and Bulgaria, lost in the Soviet Union were taken prisoners, List of Italian divisions in World War II, 80 Infantry Division La Spezia (Airlanding), 21 Infantry Division Granatieri di Sardegna, 22 Infantry Division Cacciatori delle Alpi, 65 Infantry Division Granatieri di Savoia, Comparative military ranks of World War II, Italian occupation of France during World War II, The German High Command, reporting the repulse of desperate Russian counterattacks in the Donets Basin, credited Italian soldiers with throwing back the attackers, Berlin radio, credited on 10 November 1942 to Italian troops a repulse of a Russian attempt to cross the Don River, Radio Rome report the capture of 300 British parachute soldiers by part of the Bersaglieri, 2nd Cavalry Division Emanuele Filiberto Testa di Ferro, 21st Infantry Division Granatieri di Sardegna, 22nd Infantry Division Cacciatori delle Alpi, 40th Infantry Division Cacciatori d'Africa, 65th Infantry Division Granatieri di Savoia, 80th Infantry Division La Spezia (Airlanding), https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Royal_Italian_Army_(1940–46)?oldid=4687992, In the Balkans, the Italian Royal Army conquered coastal Yugoslavia and, together with the Germans, finally defeated the Greek Army which was insufficiently aided by the British. While always in short supply, 57 of the 90 mm guns were ordered to be mounted on heavy trucks (Autocannoni da 90/53) to enhance mobility. Pubblicato in Esercito Nazionale Repubblicano. In Italia è in atto una colonizzazione militare. While it lasted until April 1945, the RSI never amounted to being more than a puppet state of Nazi Germany. The NATO Rapid Deployable Corps - Italy (NRDC-ITA) is a multi-national, deployable Corps headquarters assigned to NATO. The Supreme Command featured an organic staff which functioned through its defense ministries and through its various high commands. [6], During 1942, attempts were made to increase both the firepower and the mechanization available at the divisional level. In July 1941, the "Italian Expeditionary Corps in Russia" (Corpo di Spedizione Italiano in Russia, or CSIR) arrived and assisted with the German conquest of Ukraine. There was a horsedrawn battery of twelve 75 mm guns. Rassegna. Like the P40, the Germans acquired the few better quality self-propelled guns manufactured prior to the armistice and even continued to manufacture some after the armistice. In addition to mainland Italy, Albania, ASI, and AOI are shown in green. However, some regiments had as many as five battalions. The COMFOP Nord also controls eight administrative Army Military Commands tasked with public duties, recruitment, administration of the reserves, public information, and promotional activities. Each Libyan division had two colonial infantry regiments. Italian forces invaded into Egypt, Kenya, and the Sudan. Search the world's information, including webpages, images, videos and more. Mariantoni, mentre la mappa e alcuni commenti sono tratti dal sito iraqlibero.at Qui troverete invece un elenco delle basi militari USA in tutto il mondo. As Churchill wrote in his Memories: "...before El Alamein we had only defeats, after El Alamein we had only victories...". Director. Each regiment was provided with a battalion of 75 mm howitzers. L'esercito più piccolo del mondo. [4] Cookies are essential to get the best from our websites , in fact almost all use them. ARMATA “LIGURIA” (Mar. The defense ministries were based on function and included a Ministry of War, a Ministry of the Admiralty, and a Ministry of the Air. or. In 1940, Italian industry probably was no more than 15% of that of France or of the United Kingdom. The Division "Vittorio Veneto" is a deployable division command headquartered in Florence. The command is headquartered in Naples.[11]. Lombardia Milano Caserma Xxiv Maggio Via Vincenzo Monti 59 28.500 10.000 90.000 Lombardia Milano Magazzini Baggio Via Olivieri 4 58.000 22.000 264.000 Lombardia Milano Piazza D'armi Via Delle Forze Armate 36.000 0 0 Marche Ascoli Piceno Caserma Mazzini Aliquota Corso Umberto I 8.825 3.233 44.114 Piemonte Monteu Da Po' (To) To supplement the difficiencies of the main armaments on most tanks, the Italian Army made use of self-propelled guns like the Semovente 75/18 and the Semovente 75/34.[2]. There were about 12,000 casualties in the northern Italian guerrilla war (Guerra di Liberazione) and in the "Italian Royal Army" on the side of the Allies. Benvenuti sulla pagina ufficiale dell'Esercito Italiano #DipiùInsieme Tunisia, just occupied together with the German Army in November 1942, was lost in May 1943. Army Aviation support regiments provide maintenance services and logistic support to the army's fleet of helicopters and airplanes. Each division had two cavalry regiments, a highly-mobile infantry (Bersaglieri) regiment, an artillery regiment, and a light tank group. These vehicles were hardly on par with the Allied tanks available in 1939 and were seriously out-classed by 1942. Il meticoloso lavoro di ricerca è di A.B. As a result, a new "North Africa 1942" (Africa settentrionale 1942, or A.S.42) type division was developed. The 50,000 to 75,000 strong "Corps of Volunteer Troops" (Corpo Truppe Volontarie, or CVT) was of significant assistance to the Spanish Nationalist cause and was involved in the Aragon Offensive and the "March to the Sea." This was the astonishingly fast way that allowed Germany to conquer in a few months Poland, Denmark, Norway, the Netherlands, Luxemburg, Belgium, and France. Yelp is a fun and easy way to find, recommend and talk about what’s great and not so great in Milano and beyond. The Dodecanese islands are boxed in green. Il servizio gratuito di Google traduce all'istante parole, frasi e pagine web tra l'italiano e più di 100 altre lingue. And there was a pack horse mounted battery of 12 75 mm howitzers. Rodolfo Graziani) CORPO D’ARMATA “LOMBARDIA” (Gen. Tedesco Jahn) 1^ Divisione Bersaglieri “Italia” LE BRIGATE NERE DELLA R.S.I. The Tyrrhenian oceanized basin is regarded as the back-arc basin. The nominal Commander-in-Chief of the Italian Royal Army was His Majesty King Vittorio Emanuele III. The corps were then typically composed of two or more divisions, along with separate units directly commanded at the corps level. Initially the King and his staff (conscious of the Italian lack of preparation to war) did not approve Mussolini's intentions, but when France was clearly defeated in June 1940, the Italian Royal Army (Regio Esercito) was abruptly sent to war.[8]. Additionally the command manages the army's Monte Romano training range, the army's museums in Rome and the army band, as well as the Italian military's Geographic Institute. Mobility was increased and, in theory, an "A.S.42" type division was mechanized to a higher degree than standard infantry divisions. Megtekintem. Cavalry Regiments. By comparison, German divisions had three infantry regiments. In August, the Royal Army obtained the only Italian victory in World War II without German intervention when it successfully carried out the conquest of British Somaliland. The Armed Forces of Italy are under the command of the Italian Supreme Defense Council, presided over by the President of the Italian Republic. The Army General Staff in Rome is tasked with the study, research, development and general policy of the army. Join. This partly motorized unit took part in the Italian invasion of Egypt in September 1940 and in the defense of the Nibeiwa Camp in December 1940 during Operation Compass. [7], The motorized divisions were similar to the "North Africa" type division, but they included a regiment of highly-mobile elite riflemen (Bersaglieri). EU2132V RICAMO S.M.E. The Italians also fielded some reliable armoured cars like the AB 41.[3]. It is located in Solbiate Olona and has a support brigade at its dependency. In July 1943 Sicily was invaded by the Allies and on 8 September 1943 Italy signed the Armistice with the Allies. On 3 May 1941, the Italian and German Armies held a military parade in Athens to celebrate their victory in the Balkans. In case of war, outside of NATO's command structure, it would command the army's units.[4]. All were transported on pack animals. Meanwhile Mussolini organized a new Fascist army in his "Italian Social Republic" (Repubblica Sociale Italiana, or RSI) in northern Italy. Category: Esercito Nazionale Repubblicano. In Europe, Mussolini wanted to imitate the German "lightning war" (blitzkrieg). From 1936 to 1939, Italy participated on the side of Spanish General Francisco Franco during the Spanish Civil War. But the French were not quickly defeated on this front and all advances came at a high cost to the Italian army. Like: Follow: Share: More: About. The COMTA also controls five administrative Army Military Commands tasked with public duties, recruitment, administration of the reserves, public information, and promotional activities. The divisional headquarters included an anti-tank platoon. Local Business. [1] In the newly created Italian Empire, Italy had used most of the economic and military resources available during the conquest of Ethiopia from 1935 to 1936, during the Spanish Civil War from 1936 to 1939, and during the invasion of Albania in 1939. The tank regiment could have between three and five tank battalions. The Italian Army is commanded by the Chief of the Army General Staff or "Capo di Stato Maggiore dell’Esercito" in Rome. The high commands were based on geographic regions and included Army Group West, Army Group Albania, Army Group East Africa, Army Group Aegean, and Army Group Libya. When Italy declared war in 1940, Italy's armored divisions were still composed of hundreds of L3 tankettes. There was a horsedrawn battery of 12 100 mm howitzers. The personnel for the mountain (Alpini) divisions was drawn from Italy's mountainous Alpine region and tended to be of superior quality. Send Message. The divisions tended to rely primarily on non-divisional sources for transportation and were, therefore, only part-time motor-transportable. Each mountain infantry regiment included its own headquarters company, with a platoon of flamethrowers. Ranger Esercito Italiano. In addition, they were poorly designed (main armament in a "fixed" position), far too few, too under-gunned, too thinly armoured, too slow, and too unreliable to make a difference. The Army Military Command "Campania" covering the Campania region is an integral part of COMFOP Sud: The Operational Land Forces Support Command (Italian: Comando delle Forze Operative Terrestri di Supporto, abbreviation: COMFOTER SUPPORT) in Verona commands the army's operational support units.[12]. Before the surrender, they shot until the last ammo and the last hand-grenade...".[9]. In 1940, Italy had several divisions in Italian North Africa composed of troops native to Libya commanded by Italian officers. More details But soon Britain struck back at the end of that year. The Artillery Command in Bracciano commands the specialized artillery regiments of the army and trains all officers and troops destined for artillery units: The Anti-aircraft Artillery Command in Sabaudia commands the army's air defense units and trains all officers and troops destined for air defense units: The Engineer Command in Rome-Cecchignola commands the specialized engineer regiments of the army and trains all officers and troops destined for engineer units: The Signal Command in Anzio commands the army's signal regiments and trains all officers and troops destined for signal units: The Tactical Intelligence Brigade (formerly called RISTA-EW Brigade) in Anzio is the army's sole Intelligence, surveillance, target acquisition, and reconnaissance (ISTAR) & Electronic Warfare (EW) unit. The main infantry weapons were Carcano rifles, Beretta M1934 and M1935 pistols, Bodeo M1889 revolvers, Breda 30 light machine guns, Breda M37 and Fiat-Revelli Modello 1935 heavy machine guns, and Beretta Model 38 submachine guns. Mobile (celere) divisions were cavalry divisions that had undergone a level of mechanization. Unfortunately, in practice, few units had the full complement of motor vehicles. The Army Military Command "Veneto" covering the Veneto region is an integral part of COMFOP Nord: The Southern Operational Forces Command (Italian: Comando Forze Operative Sud, abbreviation: COMFOP Sud) commands the brigades in the South of Italy and on the islands of Sicily and Sardinia. The command is headquartered in Padua and successor to the army's V Army Corps.[10]. Like the dreaded German 88 mm gun, the Italians learned that a 75 mm anti-aircraft gun (Cannone da 75/46 C.A. By November of that year, at the conclusion of the East African Campaign, the last organized Italian troops surrendered with military honors in Gondar while some Italian officers started a guerrilla war, mainly in Ethiopia and Eritrea. The brigade forms with the Italian navy's 3rd Naval Division, and San Marco Marine Brigade the Italian military's National Sea Projection Capability (Forza di proiezione dal mare). Armies were typically composed of two or more corps, along with separate units directly commanded at the army level. For details concerning the older literature, i.e. The Royal Army suffered 161,729 casualties between 10 June 1940 and 8 September 1943 in the war against the Allies. Because of the chaotic way the Armistice was done, the Italian Royal Army (Regio Esercito) suffered a terrible crisis of leadership between September and October 1943. By 1942, Italian forces in the Soviet Union were more than doubled to become the "Italian Army in Russia" (Armata Italiana in Russia, or ARMIR). Informazioni sui concorsi, le unità, i reparti, i mezzi, le armi, le uniformi. The light tank group had a total of 61 tanks. Scritto il Maggio 8, 2019 Maggio 8, 2019. The artillery regiment by design included 24 65 mm, 12 75 mm, and 12 100 mm guns. Much of the Italian artillery and weapons dated from World War I. Although the Kingdom of Italy was considered a major power, Italian industry was relatively weak compared to other major powers in Europe. Each regiment also included three mountain infantry battalions and regimental services. The tanks were typically L3s or L6s. This subduction system therefore shows the southern plates of African affinity subducting below the northern plates of European affinity. At the beginning of the war, the armoured divisions were filled with L3 tankettes and, as a result, were incapable of providing the armoured spearhead that the German tank (panzer) formations could. By design, each regiment had 24 heavy machine guns, 108 light machine guns, 6 81 mm mortars (Mortaio da 81/14 Modello 35), 54 45 mm mortars (Brixia Model 35), and 4 65mm Infantry Guns (Cannone da 65/17). The mortar battalion typically had 18 81 mm mortars and the pack gun company had 8 47 mm anti-tank guns. Below Mussolini was the Supreme Command (Comando Supremo). The armored divisions had lightly armed "tankettes" instead of tanks. This army, also known as the Italian 8th Army," was deployed in the outskirts of Stalingrad where it was badly mauled during the Battle of Stalingrad. In many ways the Libyan divisions followed the make-up of a standard binary infantry division. Category: Trailer. This article is about the Italian Royal Army (Regio Esercito) which participated in World War II. But, even while the P40 was in the same class as contemporary M4 Sherman, only five P40s were ready for combat before Italy signed the armistice that same year. The Bersaglieri actually appear to have gotten the motorcycles and trucks they were allotted. In November 1942, with the arrival of the American Army in the Maghreb, the Italian Royal Army occupied Corsica and the French Provence up to the Rhone river. During the first years of World War II, Italy had only small light and medium tanks (L3/35, L6/40, M11/39, M13/40, and M15/42) tanks. Initially, a total of about 100 "medium" M11 tanks were available. The geology of Calabria has been studied for more than a century. The Italians fought another guerrilla war in Italian East Africa (Africa Orientale Italiana, or AOI) between 1936 and 1940. Maecenas tempus, tellus eget condimentum rhoncus, sem quam semper libero, sit amet adipiscing sem neque sed ipsum. Il Piemonte dopo il ’48 Il Regno di Sardegna è l’unico stato italiano a mantenere lo Statuto . Duis leo. After these setbacks, Mussolini accepted assistance from Hitler and the Royal Army was reinforced (and in some cases even trained to modern military tactics and organizations) by the powerful German Army (Wehrmacht Heer). Each infantry regiment had three infantry battalion and an Guns company (4 65/17 mm I-Guns ). [4], From the beginning of the war, some infantry divisions were theoretically fully mechanized and were designated as motor-transportable divisions. After the defeat at El Alamein, the Royal Army lost Libya in a few months. BASSA VISIBILITA' EU2132V. As Commander-in-Chief of all Italian armed forces, Vittorio Emanuele also commanded the Royal Air Force (Regia Aeronautica) and the Royal Navy (Regia Marina). The Royal Army started with the unification of Italy (Risorgimento) and the formation of the Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia). Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for. 5th Alpini Regiment, 2nd Engineer Regiment, 32nd Tank Regiment, etc.). The Italian tanks were of poor quality. Italian Army cavalry regiments are the army's only units, which have the name before their number, and who do not include a description of the type of unit in their name (unlike other regiments like i.e.